Joinery, often called cabinetmaking, primarily involves assembling, constructing, designing, finishing, refinishing, repairing, and/or restoring products made of wood, wood substances, or wood substitutes such as cabinets, furniture, interior finishes, millwork, stairs, and various fixtures, among others. Joinery is a skill in which practitioners must possess precision, particularly in measuring and cutting, and strong mathematical and problem-solving abilities and work habits. Successful joiners usually need to be able to select high grade lumber, envision completed products, typically from blueprints and sketches, operate wood-cutting machinery, estimate project costs, lift over 25 kilograms, and have good hand-eye coordination, manual dexterity, and mental nimbleness. Modern cabinetmakers often make use of computer-based assistance including Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Computer Numerical Control/Computer Aided Manufacturing (CNC/CAM). Professions related to Joinery include Carpentry, Millwork, Planermill, Refinishing, Wood Products and Manufacturing, and Woodworking.
Joiners are most often employed indoors in various aspects of the construction, wood, and wood products manufacturing industries. Employers of joiners may include, for example, companies, contractors, custom or repair shops, hardware stores, interior designers, lumberyards, manufacturers, and/or private individuals. Some joiners may pursue self-employment options. Among the numerous areas in which joiners may work include design operations, designing, installing, and/or manufacturing wooden cabinets, furniture, and various fixtures, interior finishing and design, repair, restoration, renovation, and/or sales. Joiners can work up to 40 hours per week or more, depending upon demand for their services and products, and it is not unusual for them to labour in a shop environment in which they are exposed to high levels of noise, various dust particles, and chemicals, especially from paint.
Joiners who earn journeyperson status may, after obtaining several years of experience beyond an apprenticeship, become educators, supervisors, and/or trainers of their trade. Joinery is a profession in transition because new technologies are increasingly forcing cabinetmakers to focus less on manufacturing and more on installing pre-manufactured, mostly machine-made, cabinets and related fixtures.
Canadian Provinces with Joinery Diploma, Certificate and Degree College Programs