Millwork or carpentry is an all-encompassing term referring to the profession dealing with the assembly, construction, installation, maintenance, repair, restoration, and/or renovation of architectures, components, forms, and/or structures created primarily from wood or wood-substitutes. Carpenter is a skill in which practitioners must possess precision, particularly in measuring and cutting, and strong mathematical and problem-solving abilities and work habits. Professions related to Carpentry include Cabinetmaking (Joinery), Millwork, Planermill, Refinishing, Wood Products and Manufacturing, and Woodworking.
Individuals involved in carpentry, called carpenters, are most often employed in the construction industry working on various commercial/industrial, maintenance, and/or residential projects. Common employers include construction companies, furniture and cabinet manufacturers, general contractors, and residential and ICI sectors. Some carpenters may prefer to become self-employed and/or establish their own companies. Carpenters who earn journeyperson status may, after obtaining several years of experience beyond an apprenticeship, become educators, supervisors, and/or trainers of their trade.
The precise work a carpenter performs on any given project is determined by the specific requirements of that project. Some carpenters, though, specialize in one or a limited number of tasks demanded of their craft. For example, some carpenters may focus on basements, exterior and/or interior finishing, flooring, form and/or frame construction, or stair construction, among others. However, to succeed at any given job, a carpenter will usually need to be able to develop and/or read blueprints, envision finished projects, select, measure, cut, and shape materials, install finished units, and check completed forms and structures to ensure that everything is properly installed, shaped, etc. Carpenters will also need to be proficient in trade-relevant mathematics, particularly in geometry and trigonometry, and be able to estimate project costs and make calculations, often mentally, quickly and accurately. Moreover, carpenters will generally need knowledge of building regulations, building and framing procedures, and properties of a multitude of materials. Physically, carpenters will usually have to be able to balance on scaffolds, crouch, kneel, and stand for prolonged periods of time, have manual dexterity and mental nimbleness, and lift in excess of 25 kilograms.
The working conditions a carpenter faces varies from job to job, and he/she may work indoors and/or outdoors. Usually, carpenters working mostly indoors are employed year-round, 40 hours per week while those employed primarily outdoors often work overtime during peak construction times and face periods of unemployment, especially during certain seasons like Winter. Some carpentry jobs will present risks for personal injuries, particularly from things like falling or flying objects, power equipment, sharp tools and materials, and slippery surfaces, among
Professions related to Carpentry and Millwork include Cabinetmaking (Joinery), Planermill, Refinishing, Wood Products and Manufacturing, and Woodworking.
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