Most graduates of AMO physics become researchers for academia, private industry, or government. In academia, they tend to work in universities where they teach physics and do research at the same time.
Private industries such as telecommunications, environmental science, and materials science will also hire AMO physicists to work on various projects and develop new materials and technologies. For example, they may work in new fibre optic communication systems, pollution control, or nanotechnology. They can also work to develop semiconductor devices, magnetic thin films, superconductors, new computer technologies, and biomaterials.
Government agencies such as those concerned with military or defensive matters will also employ AMO physicists, where they work to produce new optical systems for lasers, fibre optics, and holography.
AMO graduates can work in a hospital setting, where they develop or improve scanning technologies such as MRI or PET, detecting various cancers, and medical imaging.
A background in AMO physics can be used for further studies in optical, mechanical, or chemical engineering. It can also be used as a background for a career in radiology or nuclear medicine.