Civil and Structural Engineering Research Areas and Disciplines
A lot of research into civil engineering is geared towards designing more effective infrastructure. For example, there is research into creating buildings that are structurally sound during earthquakes, by using new types of materials in the buildings themselves, and also by the more judicious placement of certain structural supporting structures.
Another area of infrastructure research is into the building of more effective roadways. This can mean building roads that are more resistant to loads (eg. less potholes develop over time), and building roads with specific needs for an area such as mountain passes or areas with annual flooding. It can also mean building roads that are more efficient at transporting vehicles. New technologies such as traffic pattern monitoring and automated road reports are being used more widely, especially in places with continual gridlock.
New materials are also being designed. New types of asphalt, concrete, steel, and non-alloys such as carbon fiber and exotic polymers are beginning to be used in everyday buildings and infrastructure. Smart materials that contain sensors are also being created and used in buildings to be used in structural health monitoring.
Environmental engineering research includes investigations into water distribution systems (sewers, dams, dykes, spillways, etc.) and groundwater and seepage issues. It also includes surface runoff analyses (winter hydrology, climate change, floods, debris flows, etc.).
Study and Work in Civil and Structural Engineering in Canada