Research tends to focus on either historical studies of women and gender, or contemporary studies. Historically, researcher are looking at ways in which women (and other disadvantaged groups) have been treated at various points in history. For example, some people are examining how the women's right to vote in Canada was influenced by the current practice in other countries (eg. England, USA) as well as the politics of the day. Others are examining how women were treated in pre-Biblical times, for example in some cultures where they were revered as representatives of Earth Mothers, and how this view changed with the conversion of various cultures to Christianity. This research takes place in the context of history, religion, politics, and sociology, and is in collaboration with other researchers in those areas.
Contemporary issues look at how women's rights have been introduced to various countries and their current status. For example, some people are examining how women are treated in Latin America or the Middle East to determine how their treatment differs from that in Canada. Others are working more actively to better the lives of women in countries where they are perceived as being oppressed. Specific issues being examined include the wearing of Burquas, genital mutilation, mandatory escorting outside the home, and privacy issues.
Some researchers focus on less controversial topics such as mothering and how it has changed over the years. Issues include communication with children, societal norms and pressures to be a good mother, and the mothering of fostered or orphaned children. These researchers often work in collaboration with those in nursing, psychology, medicine, social work, and sociology.