Many graduates of space science work in research and development, either for private industry or for government. They can work in space vehicle design, mission and payload design, satellite design, or weapons design. Government agencies that hire space scientists include Defense Research and Development Canada, the Canadian Space Agency, the Canadian Forces, and the Department of National Defense.
Private industries that will employ space scientists include the telecommunications industry, where graduates work to design satellites for commercial use. This includes private alternatives to GPS and network television satellites.
Graduates of space science can also focus on more physics-related research such as ionosphere physics, astronomy, and astrophysics. See theses articles for more information. They can also work in an academic setting, where they teach space science, astronomy, or physics, while at the same time doing research.
A background in space science engineering can be used for a career in aerospace design. They can work as consulting engineers, aircraft and spacecraft designers, and manufacturing plant managers.
Those with a background in space science can also work in maintaining and administering telescope observatories, work in the electronics industry, and work as software engineers. These people often have additional degrees in astrophysics, computer engineering, or electrical engineering.