Students studying astrophysics learn to relate observable quantities to the physical properties of astronomical sources, thereby deciphering the varied nature of the cosmos. Students learn the basic physical processes in astrophysics including planets, stars, the interstellar medium, and distant galaxies.
Nowadays, there is no theoretical astrophysics that would not use numerical and computer simulations. As such, all students require both computational and analytical skills. Students get a thorough knowledge of numerical methods and also computer literacy.
All astrophysics students study stellar structure. This includes the formation, structure, evolution, and end-points of stars. It also includes the physics of stellar interiors, the study of white dwarfs, neutron stars, black holes; transfer in stellar atmospheres, and spectral line formation. As well, students explore high-energy astrophysics and cosmology. This includes the study of clusters of galaxies, microwave and X-ray background radiation, dark matter and dark energy, gamma ray bursts, and cosmic rays.
Students also learn about the various tools used in modern ground-based and space astrophysics emphasizing ultraviolet, optical, infrared, and radio radiation. Students learn about data acquisition and reduction techniques for astrometry, photometry, spectroscopy, imaging, and interferometry.