Mathematics can be used in almost every career type. Graduates can work in many government agencies such as Canada Revenue Agency, Public Works and Government Services, Bank of Canada, Canadian Forces, and Environment Canada. Private corporations will also employ mathematicians. This includes the aerospace industry, chemical and pharmaceutical manufacturers, software firms, medical device companies, the entertainment industry, and investment management firms. There they can work in diverse fields such as on-line security, insurance, digital imaging, computer modeling, and data mining.
Teaching is a popular career choice for mathematics students. They can teach at the post-secondary level and do research at the same time. They can also teach at the primary or secondary school level with an additional education degree.
Many students will combine a mathematics degree with a degree in another discipline (eg. biology, computer science, finance, etc) in order to be more employable. These double-majors often find work in business or various industries that require additional skills such as marketing, physics, chemistry, music, psychology, or political science.
A background in mathematics can also be used for further education such as a degree in engineering, architecture, law, or medicine.